However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. Schools in Athens were private and boys learnt reading, writing, mathematics, music and literature. Importance Of Athens The Birthplace Of Democracy 714 Words | 3 Pages. Which of these two City-States gave the women living in them a better life? Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. The only way they could leave to go out into the streets was if they were supervised by a man. Located in the southern part of Greece on the Peloponnisos peninsula, the city-state of Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by two kings and an oligarchy, or small group that exercised political control. Life style and values : Democratic values for citizens. But unlike modern democracies, Athens allowed only free men to be citizens. 7–9. Proudly created with Wix.com. Developing a strong, efficient, and deadly military. Preview. This helped them to get to best of their abilities and also to gain higher standing among the other Spartan women. The slaves also sometimes taught the boys. The capital of Greece took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. Their lifestyles and culture could not have been anymore different from one another. Sparta’s society “was a militaristic, authoritarian that held the arts and intellectual life in contempt and dreaded the extension of freedom to the individual or the community (Chapter 8 page 98). After the two years of training, only two years of service was rquired and after his service he only had to serve again if called into battle. In contrast, while the Athenian army was almost as large as the Spartan, the Athenian navy was far more advanced and dominated the Mediterranean Sea. They were not held to a life of silence like the women in Athens. Parnon (1,935 m). Extract from Life of Lycurgus by Plutarch (75CE). • Athens valued democratic government and culture. Found at: http://tinyurl.com/lxluu8k (23, April, 2014). Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens and Sparta both featured an elected assembly, but Athens' executive leaders, the archons, were also elected from the people, while Sparta featured two kings that ruled until death, or until being forced out. Military strength. Instead the boys were encouraged to steal food when they were hungry but they were punished severely if they were caught. The only events that women were allowed to attend were the ones of religious nature. It is believed that the helots were laconic, which were commissioned by the Spartans when their needs for farmers to grow food and support the growing Spartan community arose. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Sparta was the only city state which had a full time army. Delian League (with Athens clearly the most powerful); Athens taxed and protected other city-states. What was the focus of Spartan culture? They had the freedom to mingle among the men, to own property, and the education that was not awarded to the women of Athens. With all this freedom Spartan women were still not allowed to have citizenship in Sparta. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. Even with out the ability to have citizenship, they freedoms that Athens would not give their women. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization. Write. Growing up in Athens . "They were no longer allowed to wear any undergarments, they had one coat to serve them a year … They slept upon beds, made of the rushes which grew by the banks of the river Eurotas, which they were to break off with their hands with a knife…". They would be expected to belittle the men that were deemed cowards or had not married by the age of 35 in a kind of public humiliation. Terms in this set (13) In today's world, a direct democracy is only workable at the smallest local level. They were not given enough food , to get them used to being hungry during military campaigns. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. Great as an in class small group activity, or homework. It was called the Peloponnesian War. Here they learnt to read and write and took part in hard and brutal military and physical training. Lasted 30 years – Sparta won! This paper goes in depth on the daily life of Athens and Sparta. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are …  Nic Fields, The Spartan Way (Havertown: Pen and Sword, 2013). Women in Sparta had freedoms that most women did not have in these ancient times. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, … Similarities Between Sparta and Athens in terms of “Military Power” Secondly, both Sparta and Athens had an active military that was highly regarded in the entire region. After this, they went to work or learnt a trade. Ideal to be shown as an opener to the lesson, comes complete with task/activity at the end. Democratic values for citizens. Women and slaves were not permitted citizenship.  Plutarch, “Sayings of Spartan Women,” Accessed October 28, 2018, http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Plutarch/Moralia/Sayings_of_Spartan_Women*.html. For Sparta, the strength of the military highly rested on the army, which was comprised of the best-trained and most mighty warriors of ancient times. Men of Athens would look down on this freedom and even some of the great Athenian poets like Aristotle would degrade Sparta for this freedom. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. They were taught to protect themselves and took part in athletic competition and staged battles. Athenians, on the other hand, were educated and those who were not soldiers were philosophers, politicians, writers of tragedies and comedies, musicians, and sculptors. Athens and Sparta differentiated lesson. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. The women were prepared to fight in case of Print Life in Athens vs. Life in Sparta Worksheet 1. Life in Sparta was one of simplicity and self-denial. Moderna Sparta, koja je u Grčkoj poznata kao Sparti, obnovljena je oko 1834. godine. Sparta was a military state and was heavy with pride for their strength in battle. While Athens’ culture was one of art, philosophy, and democracy. These conflicts eventually led to Athens losing power in Ancient Greece. This philosophy, which was present in Athens before the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, was now running rampant, and it helped provide justification for the Athenian expedition into Sicily, which played an important role in restarting the conflict between Athens and Sparta and also perhaps dooming Athens to defeat. After the elaborate discussion about the distinctions between women of Athens and Sparta, we can finally conclude that conditions of life are diverse from place to place and from time to time. Women were punished severely for adultery and did not have any sexual freedom outside of marriage. opposing countries for lacking bravery, patriotism and courage. 3/7 Due: 3/22/13 Envision a world where the people are ravenous and yearning for any remnant of food they could obtain, where … Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. Čini se da je Sparta bila zadovoljna sobom i davala je svoju vojsku kad god je to bilo potrebno. Located in the southern part of Greece on the Peloponnisos peninsula, the city-state of Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by two kings and an oligarchy, or small group that exercised political control. Sparta • Founded by descendants of Dorian invaders (from “dark ... Daily Life in Athens • Slaves (1/3 of population) = did heavy work in craft production and mining –Many slaves = … Fathers were able to decide if a new baby, both boys and girls, could live. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Eurotas River, the largest river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water.The valley of the Eurotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt. Created by. Athens always wanted to conquer and rule as much land as possible, while Spartans always kept to themselves unless they were under attack or their army was needed. What is the MOST effective and fair form of government? Spartan women were allowed to have multiple sexual even during marriage. “Having established a sanctuary of Syllanian Zeus and Athena, having ‘tribed tribes and obed obes,’ and having established a Gerousia (Senate) of thirty members, including the (two) chief leaders (kings), from season to season, they are to hold Assemblies between Babyca and Knakion in order to introduce and reject measures. In Athens, boys started their education when they were seven. One of the ways that Sparta and Athens are different their view on what was best for their citizens. Even without any freedoms, they were allowed to be citizens of Athens . More wealthy were taught to ride a horse. These conflicts eventually led to Athens losing power in Ancient Greece. They were not allowed to speak or even be seen in public. Life In Athens; Life In Sparta. Only a select few had any form of education and even that was taught to them from inside their homes. Spartan life was simple and ascetic while Athenian life was more creative. In 490, B. Corwin explains the differences between Athens … Sparta gave their women a freedom that was rare in Ancient Greece. Sparta’s society “was a militaristic, authoritarian that held the arts and intellectual life in contempt and dreaded the extension of freedom to the individual or the community (Chapter 8 page 98). Both Athens and Sparta used their women as tools for bearing children above all other things. Women of Sparta held the chore of child birth with high esteem and with as a great honor. Girls did harsh physical training and also learnt to read and write. Strong army, best and most feared fighters on land. Types: Family Life Cycle Position Paper. Sparta is located in the region of Laconia, in the south-eastern Peloponnese. Sparta is located in the region of Laconia, in the south-eastern Peloponnese. Boys from poor families only went school for a few years. "Athens Vs Sparta Family Life" Essays and Research Papers . Ares Borghese, 420 … Before you make a decision about which political power deserves your undying loyalty and … In ancient Athens, most boys had an interesting life that included going to school and playing games. They were encouraged to speak public even among the men. They traded honey olive oil silver and painted ceramics. Education was the responsibility of the state and a special government official (paidonomos) was in charge. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Spartan life focused on building obedience and preparing for war. Athens had better cultural achievements. Sparta seemed intent on consolidating power amongst its aristocratic families, while Athens moved in a different direction, attempting to keep power from gathering around any specific group, How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures, and how did they differ? Sparta's military strength rested in its army, composed of the best-trained and most powerful warriors of ancient times. This a lesson I planned for a Year 5 class. 81 - 90 of 500 . A PowerPoint showing the key similarities and differecnes between the two main cities in Ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta. They were banded from any political.  Sarah B. Pomeroy, Spartan Women (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002). http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctvvn9tj.10. Delian League (with Athens clearly the most powerful); Athens taxed and protected other city-states. Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis. Life of women in Sparta is such an illustration of the modern-world sexual equity promotion.  Thomas J. Figueira et al., “Gynecocracy: How Women Policed Masculine Behavior in Archaic and Classical Sparta,” The Body Politic (Classical Press of Wales, 2010), 271, http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctvvn9tj.10. a war between Athens and Sparta. Was it better to be a woman in Athens or Sparta? The Spartan men were well known for being brave and fierce, and they spent their whole lives training and fighting. Flashcards. The paidgogos (seen in 2A) carried a cane, which was used if the boys misbehaved. In ancient Sparta and Athens marriage was a large part of life, the government and society ostracized those who failed to wed. Spartan marriage was considered more of a ritual in a spartan's life, mainly as men and women in Sparta were tasked with the creation of strong warriors and mothers of Spartans, Failure to do so was failure to the state. They lived most of their lives inside of their homes preparing meals and tending to the house. Athens VS. Sparta . Spell. Taygetus (2,407 m) and to the east by Mt. Strong navy. The differences were many. The … Encouraging the arts, philosophy, and architecture. They also began to compete i special athletic competitions and staged battles. Extract of sample "Sparta vs. Athens: Lycurgus vs. Pericles Funeral Oration" Download file to see previous pages The paper under consideration analyses the importance of justice overall, as well as presenting the idea of equal justice for all, as seen in the two states to be evaluated, Sparta and Athens. Their only purpose was to reproduce and take care of the house and properties. They were not allowed to own any property. And both have made Greece known on a global scale. Athens was repeatedly attacked since Athenians didn’t have a war-like reputation. Life in Sparta was vastly different from life in Athens. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy.. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Learn. Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Athens vs. Sparta 1146 Words | 5 Pages. Athenian women were no better than slaves to the men that surrounded them. PELOPONNESIAN WAR. Gravity. Sparta: Military Might. STUDY. Created: Jun 24, 2014 | Updated: Jul 6, 2014. Map of Greece and the cities of Athens and Sparta View of Athens, around 3000 years ago. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. Schools in Athens were private and boys learnt reading, writing, mathematics, music and literature. Women and Slaves In Sparta Economy In Athens The women usually stayed home, but if they had to go out they would never go out alone. All Athenian-born men over the age of 18 were considered Athenian citizens. Ideal to be shown as an opener to the lesson, comes complete with task/activity at the end. And the damos is to have lordship and power.’ Later a clause was added: “if the damostakes a crooked decision, the elders and chief leaders are to be removers.” Source: Plutarch, Life … After … By participating in competition, they protected the honor and pride of the Spartan people. Spartan girls were brought up to be fit and healthy so that they could grow up to raise strong and healthy children for Sparta. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Eurotas River, the largest river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water.The valley of the Eurotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt. Athens and Sparta were two of the largest City-States of Ancient Greece. Map of Greece and the cities of Athens and Sparta View of Athens… Wherever you stand, wherever you … Population & Map. Sparta was later humbled by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC, but the rivalry between Athens and Sparta was brought to an end a few decades later when Philip II of Macedon conquered all of Greece except Sparta, which was later subjugated by Philip's son Alexander in 331 BC. This was a way the Spartan civilization could increase their population of warriors and for the women to fulfill their honor of bearing many children for the City-State. For maths, they used a abacus or wooden rods. They also did sports and physical training. Athens was intelligent, yet militaristically inferior to Sparta. Life in Sparta was vastly different from life in Athens. The focus was on obedience and war. MERCENARIES. At 10, boys also learnt music and dancing. SPARTA. This article with show how the women in Sparta were given a better life than their opposites in Athens. Test. Sparta were no better than Athens and Athens were no better than Sparta. ATHENS. Boys moved to special barracks called agelai where they lived with other boys. Life style and values. Atena i Sparta razlikovale su se u svojim idejama da se slažu s ostatkom grčkih carstava. Compare and contrast Ancient Athenians and Spartans--You can edit this template and create your own diagram.Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT (powerpoint), Excel, Visio or … Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. In 431 BCE a war broke out between Athens and Sparta. Reading, writing, and oral traditions were also key parts of their education process. So it was up to the women to hold on to the histories and pass them down from generation to generation. Quiz time - 20 minutes 2. Athens was repeatedly attacked since Athenians didn’t have a war-like reputation. A Look at Urban Violence & Police Brutality in Ancient Rome, Ms. ‘G.T’ Poisoned Makeup to Help 600 Abused Wives Kill Their Men, From Sex Worker To Princess To Murderer: The Remarkable Rise and Fall of Marguerite Alibert, How the Assassination of Franz Ferdinand Lead to the Raccoon Infestation in Japan. This paper goes in depth on the daily life of Athens and Sparta. Students wrote with a sharp stick called a stylus on flat pieces of wood covered with soft wax. Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. They also, like their male counterparts, were in constant competition with one another. Athens and Sparta were two supper “Poleis” in ancient Greece. Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. Education was rare to them. 3/7 Due: 3/22/13 Envision a world where the people are ravenous and yearning for any remnant of food they could obtain, where … Feuding between Sparta and Athens eventually led to a twenty-seven year long civil war called the Peloponnesian War in … In Athens, boys started their education when they were seven. Ancient Greek Unit A comparison of life in Athens and Sparta with critical thinking questions for students to answer. The two states operated in different ways in terms of their governance, political life, economy, education and social life. Athens vs. Sparta 1146 Words | 5 Pages. The training was designed to create strong and fearless soldiers were obedient, loyal and patriotic. It hits a few points that my last paper hits, but also delves into more topics that were not touched on before. While they have a few similarities between each other, than are a number of differences too. Military strength : Strong navy. Athens Versus Sparta Worksheets This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Athens Versus Sparta across 26 in-depth pages. Sparta was a military state and was heavy with pride for their strength in battle. Strong army, best and most feared fighters on land. • Some Greek city-states united to defeat the Persians. A PowerPoint showing the key similarities and differecnes between the two main cities in Ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta. Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. Taygetus (2,407 m) and to the east by Mt. Sparta was by far the better of the two City-States in Ancient Greece to be woman. The women were also in trusted to him and the wife would have to marry the male relative that took over the property. This is because Sparta was located on the Peloponnesian Peninsula. Oct 27, 2020 - Explore Michael Cook's board "Athens and Sparta" on Pinterest. The wife of Leonidas, Gorgo was recorded by Herodotus saying “Only Spartan women give birth to real men.” Her saying this would show the pride they took in child birth. Spartan life was simple. I used Doctor Who as a hook for the lesson. Each state had its own laws, government and money but they shared the same language and religion.The two most important city states were Athens and Sparta.We know much about Athens because it produced many writers and artists, whose work has survived to this day. The city-states of Sparta (above) and Athens (below) were bitter rivals. What were the major differences between Athens and Sparta? The Family Life Cycle Winston-Salem State University The dynamics of the “Family Life Cycle” are forever changing due to environmental factors around us. hired soldiers. Why is such a government not possible at the state of national levels. Athens and Sparta, two civilizations of equal power, yet unequal mindsets: their societal views caused these two great empires to face a divide unlike any other in history. Physical education was extremely important in Athens as well as Sparta, and sports included Archery, wrestling and swimming. Vjerovanja i kultura. Sparta, with their cold iron and colder hearts left enemies in ruin. Much less evidence survives about Sparta than Athens, but we do know that it was a military state. Life in Two City-States Athens and Sparta 27.1 Introduction In Chapter 26, you learned that ancient Greece was a collection of city-states, each with its own government. Sparta And Athens 1. Parnon (1,935 m). Athens was left in ruins. Spartan boys began their military training, called the agog, when they were seven. Women taught there boys until they were around age of 7. 4.7 13 customer reviews. Athens- is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Grades: 5 th, 6 th, 7 th, 8 th. Other cities became jealous of Athens's power (Sparta especially!) Rivals • 2 leading city-states = Sparta & Athens very different from one another. If a father did not have any other children to pass their properties down to it would go to their daughter allowing them to be heiresses, unlike in Athens. • Sparta organized its state around its strong army. Author: Created by Mollydolly7. Sparta’s view toward their women was more liberal than that of Athens. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). 27.3 – Athenian Government Athens became a democracy around 500 B.C.E. 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