As enclosure and technical developments in farming had reduced the need for people to work on farmland, many people moved to the cities to get accommodation and a job. During the Industrial Revolution, villages and towns often grew up around factories and mills. There were few building regulations then and those that did exist were frequently ignored. During the Industrial Revolution, people from the countryside flocked to cities and factory towns looking for a better life. In the 1790’s, weavers were well paid. Builders had a freehand to build as they wished. by 1850, there were 250,000. there were plenty of them in orphanages and they could be replaced easily if accidents did occur, they were much cheaper than adults as a factory owner did not have to pay them as much, they were small enough to crawl under machinery to tie up broken threads, they were young enough to be bullied by ‘strappers’ – adults would not have stood for this. They had their own job to do over a set number of hours. After he patented his spinning frame in 1769, he created the first true factory at Cromford, near Derby.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',129,'0','0'])); This act was to change Great Britain. One foot of brick drainage pipe cost 11 shillings. By 1789, the Cromford mill employed 800 people. Arkwright was one of these. During the Industrial Revolution, people from the countryside flocked to cities and factory towns looking for a better life. The new industries were stimulated by the process of urbanization, which concentrated factories and workers together. However, the norm was that the power base within a city or large town rested with those who ran whatever industry was making that city wealthy. The Industrial Revolution was a major turning point in history which was marked by a shift in the world from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing.It brought about a greater volume and variety of factory-produced goods and raised the standard of living for many people, particularly for the middle and upper classes. were all owned by wealthy men who were also highly influential in a city. A block of 40 houses would have possibly 6 toilets for all persons. As enclosure and technical developments in farming had reduced the need for people to work on farmland, many people moved to the cities to get accommodation and a job. Paul Mantoux, The Industrial Revolution in the Eighteenth Century, An outline of the beginning of the modern factory system in England. The poor could not pay this type of money and the wealthier members of a city were not willing to pay for such an expensive item if it did not benefit them. Due to a high unemployment rate, workers were very easily replaceable and had no bargaining power with employers. There was an increase in population and landowners enclosed common village lands, forcing people from the country to go find work. There were some benevolent bosses who tried to ensure that their workers lived decent lives – Richard Arkwright was one. Australian/Harvard Citation Some towns may have statues dedicated to textile workers (e.g. This act was to change Great Britain. The mills, factories, mines etc. In the 1790’s, weavers were well paid. Other owners were not so charitable as they believed that the workers at their factories should be grateful for having a job and the comforts built by the likes of Arkwright did not extend elsewhere. Any water collected would have been diluted sewage.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_14',116,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_15',116,'0','1'])); A contaminated River Thames complete with dead animals. Profit became the main motivator for builders. Whereas those in the domestic system could work their own hours and enjoyed a degree of flexibility, those in the factories were governed by a clock and factory rules. History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2021. At heart, the First Industrial Revolution was a revolution in energy… For example, in 1750 nearly 80% of the population in Britain lived on farms, but by 1850 that number was cut to just 50%. The Industrial Revolution also led to an increase in Great Britain’s population because people had better housing and better medical care in the towns and, thus, lived longer. 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